When you want to lift a car, it is hard to find the right spot. You may use a thing called a pinch weld. It's not good for your car's structure though. In this article, we answer questions like "What is a pinch weld?" and "How do you jack your car safely?"
So, what is a pinch weld? Pinch welding is the process of attaching the outer frame of a car to its inner body. It is done by welding together different metal pieces. And it's also used to attach parts that form the structure of the windscreen and windows.
Pinch welds are strong and sturdy. They make the car able to withstand high speeds, impacts, etc. It is one of the most important parts of your vehicle.
When you want to safely lift a car off ground with a jack or other tools for this purpose, it's crucial that you know where they are located. The pinch weld is typically located on the bottom of a vehicle's body panels.
Always make sure to use your car jack safely and put it in the right spot. If you don't, this could result in costly damages to your car as well as serious injuries for yourself or others around you. Make sure not to lift up your car at any other location than the pinch weld. Don't worry; I will give you all the details about where you can safely lift your car with a jack in this article.
Let's start with Types of Pinch Welds and How to Make a Pinch Weld?
- You can read our new article: What is the best way to weld thin metal?
How do you make a pinch weld?
Pinch welds are when two pieces of metal are joined together, usually with electricity. Electricity makes the material in the weld joint melt. This is called "welding."
Spot welding is a way to join pieces of metal together that are not very thick. The adhesive spreads across the area between two spots and heats up with electricity. It then melts into any space that is left there, joining them together permanently.
Pinch welds are used in cars because they connect many different parts of the car's frame to its outside body. They also run through all parts of the car from the back wheel to the front wheel and under doors too! Pinch welds make up part of your car's lower chassis too!
There are several steps in creating a pinch weld:
The first step in making a pinched weld is to find the exact point where the metal should be joined. A piece of metal that will not be used in joining another piece must be cut using a saw or shears, depending on how much room you have.
A dot is made with paint or marker to mark where it should be cut, and again exactly halfway between the top and bottom. It needs to match this part up later when welding both sides together.
Once both pieces are cut they are then grinded down until they are smooth, because if there are any bumps or uneven surfaces then the two pieces would not join perfectly. This makes it harder for heat to get through so that everything melts properly because the flame only heats up the metal around it.
Use spot welding to connect two metal pieces together. In between the two welded regions, use some glue and reheat it. It then becomes a permanent link by melting into any gap that remains there, permanently joining them together.
Once the welds have been made, they are then sandblasted to give them a nice finish. Finally, tags are added on both sides if needed before painting…and your car's frame is finished!
What are the Types of Pinch Welds?
A pinch-weld is a type of welding that is traditionally used in the automotive industry. It is a form of seam welding where the molten metal from the bottom of one sheet flows over and connects to the top layer. This creates a bond.
There are three types of pinch-welds, which are used to join two parts. These include:
- Flat shaped
- L - shaped
- Z – shaped
01. Flat shaped Pinch Welds
Pinch welds are a critical component of any car's frame, and they're often the most difficult part of welding for newbie’s.
Welders use a special procedure to create a metal joint. Welders make this joint by joining two pieces of metal together. This is the same thing as pinching those two pieces of metal together and joining them. You use this weld when you want to cover the car's machinery with a protective layer.
It can be used to protect the vehicle's machinery from corrosion, and it adds durability in addition to strength so that you don't risk any damage if there should ever arise a problem with one part breaking down due to other wear-and-tear factors over time.
02. L - shaped
An L-shaped pinch weld is one of the most common types. It is found on the underside of cars where it’s bent at 90 degrees. You need two sheets of metal to create this type of weld. One sheet must be L-shaped and one sheet has to have a flat or horizontal part.
To make this L-shaped joint, you need two sheets of metal and then join them together with something called spot welding. When the end result will be a strong connections that can carry weight for years without breaking or bending.
When you make the L-shaped joint, it is important to use thick metal. The thicker your metal sheets are, the more weight they can carry without breaking or bending. If you think about making a car bumper, for example, this connection has to be strong because bumpers have to protect cars from crashes and other accidents on roadsides.
03. Z - Shaped
A Z-shaped pinch weld is a type of joint that is made from two L-shaped Pinch welds. One of them has a diagonal metal sheet, and the other one has a urethane bead on it. It creates the structure for the windows and windscreen in a car.
The top of the car is not as likely to be harmed because it is protected. But the bottom has a risk of being harmed by pinches when people lift their car with a jack that is not designed for factory jacking points.
This is because the jack will slip out of place and not lift the car correctly. This can be fatal for the person using it so safety precautions must be taken before using one.
Moreover, the bottom of the car can become dented by a jack that slips out of place. When lifting with non-factory jacking points, the pinch welds can be crushed by accident.
If the jack is not designed for lifting for factory jacking points, it will slip out of place and ruin the appearance of the car.
So, buy a jack that specifically says it is made to lift factory jacking points. Do not use jacks that are not designed for factory jacking points or have no grip at all, as they can slip out of place and ruin the appearance of your car.
To make it safe before doing so, know how to safely lift your vehicle with a jack. Make sure you know where your jacking points are located on your vehicle and always use a jack stand as well.
Let's dig into how do you jack on a pinch weld?
How do you jack on a pinch weld?
You're a fan of off-roading and you want to learn how to do it better.
Learn how to use the correct equipment, techniques, and safety precautions for jacking up your vehicle in this step by step guide.
In order to jack on a pinch weld safely follow these steps…
01. Change the Jack Stand Points
Before you start jacking on your car, make sure that the jack stand points are properly set. For light cars, use the pinch welds between the front and rear wheels to find out where these locations are.
For heavy cars, you can also use the bolt holes for the upper control arm to lift up your vehicle safely.
Once you have found this spot, move to the side of the vehicle and do it again for reinforcement before fully applying pressure to your car with a floor jack. Keep in mind that not all point types are created equal – some may cause more damage than others (the bolt hole is usually less stressful).
02. Use the Correct Jack
If you still go ahead and use a bottle jack even though you are lifting up a heavy car, you will likely damage the pinch welds by creating more pressure on one of them.
Using a bottle jack of small capacity is also not recommended. This is because it will not be able to distribute the load of your vehicle evenly which can cause unwanted movement or worse; slip out from under your car.
Instead, use a hydraulic floor jack with an adjustable lift height of at least 12 inches so that you have the option to raise the car higher when needed without having to switch jacks.
03. The Rennstand by Safe Jack
For panels that are extremely damaged and cannot support even the slightest amount of pressure, consider using The Rennstand made by Safe . By design, it is an inflatable device that is specifically engineered to lift and support the panels of your vehicle without causing any damage.
The Rennstand also has a special jack pad that allows you to further take away the risk of damaging your car's bodywork when trying to remove or repair damaged parts. It comes in both steel-reinforced rubber and vinyl versions, each with its own pros and cons depending on your needs.
Steel-reinforced rubber. This material is more durable though it can scratch some surfaces when dragged against them over time. Be sure to place this jack pad directly under the area where it will be supporting weight or else you run the risk of puncturing through its surface upon initial use.
Vinyl . This material is flexible and does not scratch surfaces, however it can become worn out quickly if stepped upon repeatedly. Its rubberized surface provides excellent slip resistance during use making this jack pad the best choice for working under vehicles where oil or other chemicals may be present on the ground.
04. Use a Jack Pad
Pinch welds are generally placed on areas of high stress to prevent them from being damaged by metal fatigue or corrosion over time. This does not mean that you can lift the vehicle with no precaution, because the pressure exerted by a hydraulic floor jack could cause permanent and irreparable damage to the metal panels.
The metal body panels of the car will stretch and bend under stress where they connect to each other through pinch welds. A suitable jack pad should be used in order to lift the vehicle safely without causing any damage.
If you have a jack pad, place it on the pinch weld and lift the vehicle slowly to bring it up roughly an inch. Place another jack stand under the car before releasing your hydraulic floor jack in order to support the weight of the vehicle.
05. Use a Universal Pinch Weld Jack Pad
Even with a jack pad, the gentle curve of the underside of some cars may make it difficult to find a suitable surface on which to place your jack stand.
You can use the universal pinch weld jacking pad by Safe Jack as an alternative. This is a flat and sturdy piece of rubber that has indentations carved into the bottom to increase the surface area and grip of the pad.
Simply lay the rubber piece flat on a section of a pinch weld and raise the vehicle slowly while placing your second jack stand under your car for support.
06. Follow the Recommendation of the Car Manufacturer
In order to prevent accidents from occurring, closely follow the guidelines that have been produced by car manufacturers on how to lift a vehicle with pinch welds without damaging it.
This can include jacking up a vehicle from its side or rear before placing an axle stand under the lagging of your car for support. You may not be able to access certain areas of your vehicle, but this is an effective way to minimize risk of damage.
07. Don't Use the Wrong Jack
Using any type of hydraulic floor jack with a wide base is extremely dangerous when placed near pinch welds because there is a high chance that you can puncture the metal body panels and lead to serious injuries. When using these types of jacks, you should raise the car to its normal operating height before placing separate jack stands under it.
The proper tools will allow you to modify your vehicle safely without any risk of damage to its body or frame. Before you begin any work underneath your vehicle, make sure that the hydraulic floor jack is fully retracted and placed in a safe, flat area.
How Do You Repair a Pinch Weld?
There are some times when the pinch weld under your windshield is corroded. This can happen for a few reasons, like if someone did not install the windshield right or because it is old. Sometimes water leaks into your car and sometimes you will hear a lot of wind noise. You need to fix this before you put on a new windshield so it won't leak.
Corrosion occurs when the paint on metal breaks down, which lets moisture and air come in contact with the metal. If this happens to your car's windshield, it is important to make sure that all of the corrosion is removed before you put new paint on it.
Step-01: Corrosion Repair
To fix corrosion damage to a windshield, you need to remove the windshield carefully so that you don't create any more corrosion hot spots. You need to hold your blade close to the glass so most of the adhesive stays in place. Always note where your blade is cutting so that you don't mar other surfaces.
When you remove the glass from your car, you will see corrosion and scratches on the pinchweld. There are areas that need to be fixed before you put urethane on them again. You may use pinchweld primer for many corrosion problems, but if there is something beyond the pinchweld that needs to be fixed, then you will use spot repair of finish.
Before you start repairing corrosion, make sure that you cover the area where the windshield is. This will help stop dust and other things from going into your car's interior. It can be hard to clean out corrosion and it might get on your seat or dashboard.
Corrosion can be removed from a pinch weld. This corrosion can be removed in three different ways: with a plastic-coated abrasive wheel, wire wheel, or media blaster. Whatever method is used it is important to keep the metal from thinning during the corrosion removal process. If you remove corrosion from a pinch weld and then do body repair, you should not use filler. If you install a windshield over body filler that would be weak and could break easily.
Step-02: Primer Application
Once the corrosion is removed from the pinchweld, you will need to cover it with corrosion-resistant paint. If other areas are being reworked too, use a primer that is recommended by the refinishing system.
If topcoats are being sprayed, masking is put on top of the primer. This means that topcoats won't spray paint onto the pinch weld. After the base coat and clear coats have been applied, then you can take off the masking tape. You need to clean up after you take off the tape because any adhesive will stay on your pinch weld.
Pinchweld primer is put on top of the corrosion-resistant primer. If you get any of it on the urethane, then you will have to do that over again. Make sure to be careful not to get this anywhere near your urethane.
After the pinch weld primer is put on, the glass is fitted and the old urethane is trimmed. Then a new urethane bead is put on and then the glass is installed.
The pinch weld is a critical and often overlooked structural feature of the vehicle frame. It provides support for the body panels, prevents them from sagging or deforming when loads are applied to them, and holds everything together as an integrated unit. Without it, your car would be nothing more than a shell that couldn’t withstand any pressure whatsoever. This article has given you an overview of what this important part is and how it works in detail; now all you need to do is take care of yours so they last.
How to Straighten Pinch Welds?
To make a pinch weld straight, you need to make it go back to its original shape. You can do this by using duckbilled vice grips. First, start by heating the metal with a blowtorch or something else that will make it warm. Then curve the metal slowly and put it back into its original shape as best as you can. Once you straighten the pinch welds, let it cool down for a few minutes. Then grip it with the vice and pull on it to make it straight. You will need to do this many times. Whenever you use heat, wait a little while before pulling on the pinch weld again. After straightening them, wait for them to cool down before hammering out any curves or bends that are leftover. You need to use a blow torch and a cooling air fan. The blow torch makes the metal strong. It makes it look brand new.
How to Avoid Bending the Pinch Welds?
To avoid bending the welds, there are two ways. You can use a pad to balance your hand when you are lifting. If you don't have one, use a block of wood or something else soft to make sure the metal isn't too heavy in one spot. In order to avoid future problems, you want to make sure that the lip of the metal doesn't fold over. This can happen if you let water collect there. If this happens, the metal will rust and cause other problems for your home.
Which Part of the Pinch Weld is the Strongest?
If you look at the weld, there is a mark on it. The marked part is the strongest part of the weld. There are marks so you can find them easily when you need to use a scissor jack. Some cars have a mark on the weld called the strongest. The mark is easy to find because it is different from the rest of the weld. But some cars do not have this mark, and many people use their jacks on either side of where the pinch is. This might work for some cars, but not for all of them or when they are using it as a jack stand.
Last Updated on October 25, 2021 by weldinghubs